Published Date : 14 Nov, 2016
Author : Andrea Ramirez
The economic, social and political development that we have seen in Latin America over the history is just product of the old idea that Latin America always will be a region of inequality in every senses. This inequality that I am just talking about is related to social differences, race, and politics. The old idea of inequality also deals with the type of politics present in Latin America, and also the methods that all the ‘’politicians’’ (if they should be called like that by the way) have been proliferating through the region in order to reach the majority of approval into the communities.
Nothing is isolated. The political movements that Latin America has suffered throughout its history are coming from the variety of social scales and movements, the existence of the rich in front of the poor; the existence of the non-well paid hard working class, and the lack of increment of the ‘’middle class’’.
Monopoly is found in the agricultural economic activity, which has been the economic pattern that the Latin American region has followed, the economic model has been kept since and during its development process. This is the first manifestation of social and economic inequality in Latin America, and it is found into the Rural societies because the landownership in the region has been only controlled by small parts of the societies which always have been the richest families.
But, it does not mean that all the rural communities were the richest one, it means that the owners were the richest one, but the workers of those lands were composed by huge communities that were suffering labor and human exploitation, they lived in marginality, and of course, they did not have access to the normal necessities that any human being requires. As a result of this economic and social model, the civilian democracies commanded by the government, worked towards the solution of the problems that the working class were suffering, and it created policies to defend that population. Still, the creole classes did not disappear.
It is important to say that most of the time the small group of rich masses are favored by other small part of the society and political communities. The mentioned aspect confirms that the Law and government in Latin America is characterized as ‘’centralized’’, and the state power is controlled by the minorities who at the same time manage all the resources and the productive motor of the countries in Latin America. In result, we find that the main characteristic of the economic motor of these countries is based on the ‘’monopoly’’ structure.
The monopoly has helped the increase of exploitation of the hard working class; that is one of the main characteristics of the ‘’Capitalism’’ economic model that has been tried to be implemented in Latin America based on the United States economic model, so that’s why so many social movements have appeared in Latin America over its history in order to fight against this economic model, and to change this one for an inclusive economic model in which could be included the hard working class and the middle class.
The misadministration of politics and economy in governments produces the increase of unequal economic and social level, it also brings corruption, unemployment, the creation of illegal jobs and market, and/or social protests, as well as, the increase of uneducated people. Not only the social and racial aspects can lead to riots in a society; the bad economic strategies can also develop ”riots” which then become ”movements”.
As consequence of the creation of movements plus the exaggerated ‘’ state power,’’ the development of ‘’revolutionary movements’’ in Latin America gained strength over the years which the main goal has been social equality and reasonable distribution of wealth; giving as a result a communist ideology that is not always useful.
The movements have been against the Capitalism and monopoly economic models that always have worked together. Because of those ‘’anti capitalism’’ ideas that are strongly inspired by K. Marx, by the way, the communist movements are highly recognized by so many communities in the Latin America region that have been looking for social transformation, an example of this is the political movement in Bolivia commanded by Evo Morales its current President.
In order to reach the success of those revolutionary movements, it is important that -first- the idea of social and political change needs to be coalesced into the mind of each people and it is just possible by the used of the ‘’Populism’’ as political method, that at the end of the day will bring the concentration, and mobilization of the popular sectors ‘’hard working masses’’ commanded by syndical groups, and also ethnical or racial tribulations mostly concentrated in rural areas, so then this social and political movement becomes so popular that it gains approval internationally, as it happened in between Bolivia, Venezuela, Argentina, Brazil… which is one of the main goals they have at the time they are trying to implement such a model.
Today, Latin American countries are still trying to reach ‘’that’’ social and economic equality in their communities; even when all the current political movements are very different between them, and there is still present a high level of inequality in all senses, and so many forgotten communities. Despite of the difficulties into the global market, the corrupts governments, the increase and decrease of prices, the technological advances in the developed countries, and the last but not less important ‘’the lack of technological development and knowledge”, Latin American countries are still working in the area they know best ‘’agriculture.’’